"An American Dilemma," Gunnar Myrdal called the problem of race in his classic 1944 book. He saw a painful choice between American ideals and American racial practices. But in 1944, ten years before Brown v. Board of Education,
most white Americans were not actually in much pain. Indeed, when asked in a survey that same year whether "Negroes should have as good a chance
as white people to get any kind of job," the majority of whites said that "white people should have the first chance at any kind of job." Blacks belonged at the back of the employment bus, most whites firmly believed.
"Are they relatives of yours?"...