Chinese painting, one of the oldest art forms in the world, involves essentially the same techniques as calligraphy and is done with a brush dipped in black or colored ink. The artist is able to wield the soft brush with strength and dexterity to create a wide variety of strokes and a subtle spectrum of colors. In terms of motifs, it can be divided into three genres, namely figures, landscapes and flower-and-birds, with the former preceding the latter two historically.
The portrayal of figures saw its heyday during the Tang dynasty (618-907 AD) while the Song dynasty (960-1279 AD) witnessed a highly-developed sophistication in landscape as well as flower-and-bird paintings.
Chinese Painting starts from the ancient invention of paper and ends with the renewal and innovation of this art form in modern times.