THE MEDICINE OF AMULETS AND TALISMANS
IN THE MIDDLE AGES
Before they become the subject of specialized treatises like that by Costa ben Luca, phylacteries could often be found in the medical literature. Hildegard von Bingen, for example, provides us a recipe for healing a possessed individual who is an epileptic.
If a person is in the power of an evil spirit, another person should place a sapphire on some earth, then sew that earth into a leather sack, and hang it from his neck. He should say, “O you, most wicked spirit, quickly go from this person, just as, in your first fall, the glory of your...