The American Revolution (1775–1783)
For years, the desire for freedom from Britain grew among the colonists in North America. Fighting began in Massachusetts in 1775, and finally, on July 4, 1776, thirteen colonies adopted the Declaration of Independence, proclaiming themselves part of a new country.
The Patriots joined the Continental Army, led by General George Washington. These included settlers homesteading in wilderness areas north and west of the thirteen original colonies. Other colonists, the Tories, remained loyal to the British.
At first, it seemed the British would win the war. They captured...