Inside the Apple
1. Manna-hata: New York Before the Europeans
Walking through Times Square, surrounded by concrete, traffic, steel, and neon, it can be difficult to conjure up what this same tract of land must have looked like in 1608—a mere 400 years ago—before the arrival of Europeans. What would we see if we could strip away the generations of urbanization and return Manhattan to its pre-contact glory?
New Yorkers often wonder about what was here before. It can be tempting to invoke an Eden-on-the-Hudson, where...