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Lincoln

HOW PRESIDENT LINCOLN BECAME FATHER TO AN ARMY AND A NATION
By David Herbert Donald

Reading Group Guide

    Reading Group Discussion Points
    1. Lincoln was essentially a passive man. He was not formally educated. He repeatedly failed when running for various political offices. He was not considered a handsome man, and he was inexperienced and unprepared for the presidency. Yet all this considered, he still became one of the greatest presidents the United States has ever known. To what do you attribute this? How might the elements of Lincoln's character and his time have blended together to create a man so successful in casting off slavery and bringing the Union back together?
    2. How, in many ways, was Lincoln the most American of presidents?
    3. Donald brilliantly explores the development of Lincoln's character. Describe this development and its impact on the outcome of slavery and the Civil War. What in Lincoln's character led him to greatness?
    4. How did Lincoln's growing belief in a Higher Power sustain him through the agony of a country divided?
    5. In April of 1864, Lincoln wrote to Albert G. Hodges: "I claim not to have controlled events but confess plainly that events have controlled me." How is this accurate and not quite true at the same time?
    6. Though Donald's Lincoln is primarily about Lincoln's political life, Donald portrays Lincoln as a family man. Discuss Lincoln as a father and husband. What portrait emerges of Mary Todd Lincoln? How did she ultimately contribute to his political career, and in what ways might she have detracted from it?
    7. In reading Donald's Lincoln, we view in great detail the political machine of the mid 1800s. How has the political process in this country remained the same? How has it changed? What role did the media play then, as opposed to now?
    8. From the time he was a boy, Lincoln was opposed to slavery. Even so, his policy and position on slavery developed very slowly over time, beginning with a hands-off approach and culminating in his eventual, stated belief that the slaves must be given their freedom. Trace the growth of Lincoln's attitude and actions regarding slavery. Estimate the impact the Emancipation Proclamation had on the people of its day. How is the impact still felt in our times?
    9. Donald's Lincoln forces the reader to confront slavery. We come to understand that racism meant something very different in Lincoln's time, manifesting itself in ways distinct to that era. Discuss the gains we've made over the past one hundred and thirty years.
    10. Lincoln never wavered in his belief that the Union must be preserved. Even in the face of enormous casualties for both the North and the South, Lincoln did not falter in his resolve. Do you believe, as Lincoln did, that it was of the utmost importance to preserve the Union? If so, why? If not, why not?
    11. Although Lincoln lived over a hundred and thirty years ago, and many presidents have come and gone, we are still fascinated by him. Why is he remembered more than any other president? What about him is so enduring and immortal? Why do you think his place in history is so secure?

    Recommended Readings
    Abraham Lincoln: The War Years
    Carl Sandburg
    Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution, James M. McPherson
    The Civil War, Ken Burns (VHS tape)
    The Civil War: A Narrative, Shelby Foote
    The Civil War: An Illustrated History, Geoffrey C. Ward
    The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, Roy P. Basler, ED.
    The Face of Lincoln, James Mellon
    The Killer Angels, Michael Shaara
    Lincoln: A Novel, Gore Vidal
    Lincoln: A Photobiography, Russell Freedman
    Mary Todd Lincoln, Her Life and Letters, Justin G. Turner
    Parting the Waters, Taylor Branch
    The Portable Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Delbanco
    The Red Badge of Courage, Stephen Crane

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