The Reality of the Mind
The Shaman’s Cosmos
Since prehistory, shamans have perceived Reality as functioning on three, or possibly four, levels. A tree was often used as a symbolic aid to an understanding of different states of being and other dimensions of existence. Materialistic science accepts that trees serve as protectors of the environment and that without them the atmosphere would be contaminated with an excess of carbon dioxide. In ancient times, trees were regarded also as symbolic “guardians” of levels of being. This was because, in the transition from ordinary to non-ordinary...