Crossroads: The War against the Goddess (1200 BC)
Gradlon, the King of Cornwall, returned from a war in his ship. He brought with him a most beautiful woman as his bride. On the long trip home she died giving birth to a daughter who would be named Dahut. There was a quality to both mother and daughter that was not quite human. Despite this, or possibly because of this quality, the king could not say no to his daughter. Born of the sea, she told him she must live by the sea and so Gradlon built the city of Keris on the edge of the Atlantic Ocean.
Because of his misgivings, he built the city walls with bronze and protected them by a massive dyke against the sea. Evidence of bronze walls have only been found in legend, notably including the story of Atlantis. The city of Princess Dahut becomes centered on pleasure, a sinful and licentious place. God decides an example must be made. A warning is given to the king that he must flee. Immediately after the king leaves, the wrath of God is made evident. Storms give rise to massive waves, and Keris and its inhabitants, along with Princess Dahut, are destroyed.
This is one of many Celtic flood stories that are told from Wales, to Cornwall, to the French Breton coast. Many Atlantic sand dunes are remembered as places where a submerged town once thrived. Submerged forests and church bells that ring under the sea on certain nights warn of the wages of sin. Geologists confirm there is a reason for the tales, even if they have been Christianized. The coast did flood, and, very likely, there are areas that flooded more than once. Scandinavian tales of the flooded “White City,” Vineta, are confirmed by geology, as megalithic stones stretching into the ocean of Breton testify.
Twice, once in 3200 BC and a second time in 1200 BC, a handful of other cultures great and small rose in the Mediterranean. From where the new immigrants and invaders came has never been resolved. In other periods a northward migration took place. Between 2000 BC and 1500 BC, a broad-headed, bronze-weaponed people of Iberia arrived in Britain and Ireland. They were not Celts, but shortly after 1500 BC, a proto-Celtic language was spoken.
By the year 1200 BC the world was a different place from the land it had been two thousand years before, and even three hundred years before. The catastrophes that happened on Thera and Crete were mirrored in the Atlantic but possibly on a greater scale. The lands along the Atlantic had been devastated once or possibly several times by the great floods. Earthquakes especially along the Iberian coastline damaged and destroyed settlements. Many tribal groups or trading settlements were reduced or forced to resettle. The megalithic builders who had completed Stonehenge in the form we see it today and the builders of monuments from Carnac to the Orkneys dispersed. The once-great populations that had been needed to communally provide the labor were no longer concentrated in the north. Most likely the fear of flood, and the change in the temperatures in the north once again forced a large amount of the population south.
THE GODDESS BLAMED
The flood wiped out millions and it signaled a change in the way religion was practiced. The goddess, Mother Earth, and possibly her female counterparts were given the responsibility for the flood. As ruler of the moon, and its effect on the tides and the sea, the goddess was seen as the cause of the flood and what followed.
By 1400 BC the power of the goddess had eroded. Marija Gimbutas blamed it on the kurgan culture sweeping out of Asian steppes. Though logical, taken alone this is an unacceptable explanation, as throughout history we see evidence of populations overwhelmed, uprooted, imprisoned, and nearly exterminated cling that much more strongly to their faith. The courage of the Jews in our last century, as well as Asian Christians in China and Tibetan Buddhists in the Himalayas, illustrates that peoples will give up property, homeland, and their lives while still clinging to their faith. The changes that occurred post-flood represented the horror of a world uprooted, which allowed the goddess-worshipping faith of the people to suffer an irreparable wound.
The systematic demotion of the goddess was nearly complete by Homer’s time. Once known as the great goddess, Mother of All, Eve was now portrayed as a traitor to man. She had consorted with the evil serpent according to the Bible, which was in reality the Devil. She tricked man into attempting to eat from the tree of knowledge. She committed the original SIN--the name of the goddess of the moon and water in Ireland and similar to the Sinai lands separating Egypt and Palestine. In the Promised Land, Eve became Evil. Sin became bad.
The primary God became male, as Allah, El, Bel, and Baal. The male Ala sound became the greeting Hello.
The Mykenaean Greeks too became anti-goddess. Pandora’s Box brought pestilence and plague. The word for box was pyrix, and it was also the word for vagina. The All-Giver was now the root of evil, and even sex was to blame for the disaster that engulfed man. The depiction of the goddess on a raised earth attended to by lions was repeated on the Gate of Mycenae, but the goddess was gone. In her place was the “pillar” representing the phallus of Hermes.
The War against the Goddess Hidden in Homer's Tales
The Triumph of the Sea Gods
The War against the Goddess Hidden in Homer's Tales
• Cites the rise in sea level in 1200 B.C. as leading to the invasion and victory of the Atlantean sea people over the goddess-worshipping Trojans who ruled the coasts
• Identifies Troia (Troy) as part of a tri-city area that later became Lisbon, Portugal
In The Triumph of the Sea Gods, Steven Sora argues compellingly that Homer’s tales do not describe adventures in the Mediterranean, but are adaptations of Celtic myths that chronicle an Atlantic coastal war that took place off the Iberian Peninsula around 1200 B.C. It was a war between the pro-goddess Celtic culture that presided over what is now Portugal and the patriarchal culture of the sea-faring Atlanteans. The invasion of the Atlantean sea peoples brought destruction to the entire region stretching from Western Europe’s Atlantic border to Egypt, Syria, and Turkey. This was a turning point not only politically but also spiritually. The goddess became demonized, as seen in myths such as Pandora’s Box in which woman was seen as the source of evil, not the origin of life, and Homer’s tale of the epic Greek and Trojan war, which was triggered by the abduction of a woman.
The actual historical struggle described in Homer’s stories, Sora explains, occurred during what was the last in a series of rises in sea level that inundated various land masses (Atlantis) and permitted sea passage to areas previously accessible only by land. The “Sea Gods” (Atlanteans) attacked the tri-city region of Troia (Troy), near present-day Lisbon, which, shortly thereafter, fell victim to a devastating series of seaquakes and tsunamis. The war and the subsequent destructive weather broke the power of this seaboard civilization, leading to a wholesale invasion by the sea peoples and the rapid decline of the region’s goddess-worshipping culture that had reigned there since Neolithic times. Sora shows how Homer’s tales allow the modern world to glimpse this ancient conflict, which has been obscured for centuries.